LASIK EYE SURGERY
Lasik stands for “Laser in-situ keratomileusis”. It is used to correct vision in farsighted, nearsighted, or astigmatism people. People who are tired of the hassle of eyeglasses or contact lenses undergo this procedure.
Traditionally, glasses or contact lenses are used to correct the vision by bending (refracting) the light rays. Now, newer and innovative surgery included reshaping the cornea.
People who have undergone the surgery have been reported to have 20/25 vision or better. The results of LASIK surgery are satisfactory and complication incidence is rare.
What are Cornea and Retina?
Cornea: The cornea is the outer, protective layer of our eye. It is the main barrier against germs, dirt, and such things. It works as a window that controls and focuses the light rays.
Retina: The retina is the thin layer of the eye that lies at the ocular backside. The retina receives the light (that the lens has focused) and converts that to neural signals. The retina is the main part of the eye involved in sending signals for visual recognition by the brain.
What are The Basic Types of Vision Issues?
In normal vision, the image is focused on the retina in the back of the eye. In the conditions discussed below, an abnormality in the vision has occurred in different ways.
The basic types include:
- Farsightedness: It is also called hyperopia. In this condition, you can not see the things that are far away. This condition occurs when your eyeball is slightly shorter than normal. The light focuses on the backside of the retina and the blur vision is formed.
- Nearsightedness: It is also called myopia. In this condition, you can not see the things that are nearby. This condition occurs when your eyeball is slightly longer than normal or when the cornea edges are too sharp. The light focuses on the front of the retina and the blur vision is formed.
- Astigmatism: In this condition, you’re both farsighted and nearsighted. Everything is blurry to you. In this condition, the cornea has flattened or curved unevenly.
Is there any age limit to get LASIK done?
LASIK surgery is done on people who are above 18.
When you’ve myopia, your vision continues changing throughout your teenage years. Sometimes the ocular condition changes even longer than this and it requires changes in the prescription of the glasses or contact lenses. Hence, people over 18 years of age are considered for LASIK surgery.
What Does LASIK Surgery Do?
LASIK surgery is done by reshaping the cornea in a way that the light focuses on the retina. The cornea is the front part of the eye, while the retina is the back part of the eye.
How LASIK Surgery Is Done?
- An eye numbing drops are applied.
- The doctor uses an instrument called a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser to make a flap in the cornea.
- The flap is peeled back and another laser procedure is used to reshape the tissue beneath.
- The flap is put back to place.
- The surgery is completed.
How Long Does a LASIK Surgery Take?
A LASIK surgery takes about twenty minutes to complete.
Can You Undergo LASIK Surgery?
There are certain complications if you have this, do not undergo LASIK surgery.
- If you are younger than eighteen. People who undergo surgery should be above eighteen.
- If you are taking certain medications. You have to consult your doctor in this case.
- If you’ve health conditions such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
- If your cornea is thin or uneven.
- If you are having eye conditions such as glaucoma.
- If your eyes are very dry.
- If you have undergone previous eye surgery.
Are Your Eyes Healthy For LASIK Surgery?
If your eyes have following no issue, then your eyes are healthy enough to undergo LASIK surgery.
- Eye disease detection that results in progressive deterioration of the eye vision and cornea thinning.
- If you have no family history of keratoconus. It is the disease that leads to progressive deterioration of eye vision and cornea thinning.
- If you are having a dry eye.
- If your pupils are large, this surgery is not suitable for you. Large eye LASIK results in issues such as glare, halos, and starburst.
- If you’ve cataracts. A cataract is the clouding of a normally clear lens of the eyes. It like seeing through a frosty window.
- If you’ve glaucoma. Glaucoma is a common eye condition where the optic nerve that connects the eye is damaged. If not diagnosed, it can lead to loss of vision.
Benefits of LASIK Surgery
A few of the benefits of LASIK eye surgery are listed below.
1. Highly Improved Eye Vision
It has been reported that about 96% of the patients who underwent the LASIK eye surgery have retained the maximum of their vision. People have been reported to enjoy enhanced vision followed by only one procedure. Another study has shown that 95% of the patients who receive LASIK surgery achieve uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) of at least 20/40 and 85% achieve 20/20 vision or better.
2. Laser Technique
The most major benefit of LASIK lies in its name! It is laser surgery. It does not involve any stitches or bandages. It is also a painless procedure.
If as you age the vision causes any issue, the doctor can adjust it.
4. Long-Lasting Results
LASIK surgeries are 95% permanent. They do not require follow-up procedures or any other in-patient requirements.
5. Quick Recovery & Results
LASIK surgery patients recover almost in a day or two post-surgery. You can easily return to your normal schedule. Imagine having a perfect vision within a day. Laser surgery is this fast and reliable.
6. Say Goodbye to The Contacts and Glasses
Let’s admit it! Glasses and lenses are difficult to pull off every day. You are saving yourself everyday hassle to fix the contacts, the costs that come with every new contact bought, and the issues that come with wearing the contacts every day in just a cost of a one-time procedure.
Having LASIK done gives you a chance to have a better lifestyle with no issues of blurry vision and eye issues.
What Is The Protocol of LASIK Surgery?
- A full eye examination and history taking are done before the surgery.
- Tests like measuring the thickness of the cornea, refraction, and eye pressure are done. Your cornea and pupils are fully examined.
- After clearance by tests and sessions, you are scheduled for LASIK surgery.
- You’re advised to not wear rigid gas-permeable contact lenses for three weeks before the surgery.
- For normal contact lenses, avoid wearing them 3 days before the evaluation.
- You’re advised to take a light meal and prescribed medicines before the examination.
- Female patients should avoid makeup and hair accessories in the hair.
Side Effects Of LASIK Surgery
Patients report discomfort in the first day or two posts after the LASIK eye surgery.
Other complications include:
- Night-time driving issues
- Fluctuating vision
- Scratchy eyes
- Dry eyes
- Light sensitivity
- Small eye bruises
Check out all the side effects of LASIK eye surgery that may happen.
What is the post-recovery phase of LASIK surgery like?
- For the start, your eyes will be dry. The doctor usually prescribes an eyedrop to prevent infection and eye inflammation. The drops also keep the eye moist.
- The eyes will heal quickly, probably within a few days.
- Sad but you’re advised to not swim or go in the hot tub for two weeks after the surgery.
- You can be required to do follow-up checkups. The first one will probably be after a day or after the procedure.
What is asked in the medical history?
Your consultant/ doctor usually asks such questions while taking the history.
- If you have any disease or condition that affects the immune system.
- If you are taking immunosuppressive medication.
- If you suffer from depression.
- If you face certain chronic pain conditions such as migraine, fibromyalgia, or irritable bowel issues.
Do you need a second LASIK surgery?
The vision is bound to change as you age. More than 10 percent of people are said to require a second LASIK procedure while overall 90% of patients have a vision that is between 20/20 and 20/40.
How Much is LASIK Eye Surgery
Does LASIK Surgery Cost?
On average, LASIK eye surgery cost between $2000 to $3000 per eye. Though the cost is high it is a one-time procedure. An average person with vision problems spends about $300 per year on glasses/ contact lenses. Having a one-time permanent eye procedure is a far better option.
Is LASIK covered by insurance in the United States?
No. LASIK eye surgery is not covered by insurance.
LASIK surgery is an expensive eye surgery treatment- but it can solve your vision issues at once! Carefully read and consider all the guidelines mentioned above. See if you can get LASIK surgery done and if you can try to choose a good surgeon. Talk to an eye surgeon whom you can trust and feel confident in. LASIK surgery gives quick results and quick recovery- if you can afford it and your surgeon approves you to have one- Go for it!