LASIK stands for “Laser in Situ Keratomileusis”. LASIK surgery involves a highly specialized excimer laser. It is designed to treat refractive errors, improve vision, and reduce or eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses. LASIK surgery modifies the cornea shape to focus light properly on the retina. Know the LASIK eye surgery cost, pros and cons.
Who should consider going for a LASIK Eye Surgery?
A patient that has the following issues is considered as a candidate for LASIK eye surgery.
- Up to -12.00 D of myopia (nearsightedness)
- Up to +6.00 D of hyperopia (farsightedness)
- Up to 6 diopters of astigmatism (a blend of nearsightedness and farsightedness)
The person should have/be
- At least 18 years of age
- No history of autoimmune disease
- Not Pregnant or on breastfeeding
- No history of cataracts
- No history of glaucoma
- No history of chronic dry eye condition
How Does a Normal Vision Look Like?
In eyes with normal vision, the cornea (the outer, protective layer of our eye) refracts light precisely onto the retina at the back of the eye. Glasses or contact lenses can correct the vision, but LASIK surgery can correct the vision for once!
How Does LASIK Eye Surgery Work?
During the LASIK procedure:
- A trained eye surgeon or consultant creates a specific, thin hinged corneal flap using a microkeratome.
- The surgeon then pulls back the flap to examine an underlying corneal tissue
- The LASIK then reshapes the cornea that is unique for every specific patient.
- The flap is then gently repositioned onto the underlying cornea.
What Happens During LASIK Eye Surgery?
The LASIK surgery involves the following steps:
- The doctor asks about your health history and does an eye test.
- Eye drops are given to numb the areas and you will be given a sedative.
- Your surgeon will use a femtosecond laser to create a thin, circular “flap” in your cornea. The flap is then folded back and the doctor gets direct access to the underlying cornea.
- Small amounts of tissue are extracted with the help of ultraviolet beams of the laser. It enables the surgeons to focus the light on the retina for improved vision.
- For a patient suffering from nearsightedness, the laser will be used to flatten the cornea. For a patient with farsightedness, the laser creates a sharper cornea.
- The cornea is done being worked on and left for the recovery phase to heal.
Pros of LASIK Surgery
Few benefits of the LASIK surgery are
- The eye surgery greatly improves the vision, up to a precision of 95%.
- Being a LASER surgery, it does not require any stitches or bandages.
- The LASIK eye surgery is adjustable.
- The LASIK surgery patient recovers in a day or two and gives quick results.
- LASIK surgery lifts the burden of carrying glasses or contact lenses every day.
Cons of LASIK Surgery
- People below 19 and above 40 are not eligible for eye surgery.
- LASIK surgery may cause dry eyes for up to three months.
- Flaps created during LASIK are not secure, patients should not rub their eyes while they are still in the healing process.
- There is a minor chance that you may need LASIK surgery again.
You can check out all the side effects of LASIK eye surgery.
What Are the Side Effects of LASIK Eye Surgery?
You may suffer from the following side effects.
- Dry eyes
- Impaired night-time vision
- Complications with the flap of corneal tissue at the time of surgery.
When Are The Results Of A LASIK Eye Surgery Seen?
LASIK eye surgery gives results almost immediately.
How Much Is LASIK Eye Surgery?
LASIK costs between $2000 to $3000 per eye on average. Comparatively, the cost is high it is a one-time procedure. An average person with vision problems spends about $300 per year on glasses/ contact lenses. Having a one-time permanent eye procedure is a far better option.
The doctors claim that 20/20 vision is possible with LASIK eye surgery. The recovery is quick and the results are quicker! LASIK surgery can improve the vision within one setting, ultimately saving you from the hassle of glasses contact lenses every day. If you’re interested in getting a LASIK surgery done, check if you’re eligible to undergo it and contact a good-reputed doctor to further start the process. Though the price is high, LASIK can guarantee a lifetime change of lifestyle, so it is worth a try!